LECTIO DIVINA: 27th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Cycle A


Mt. 21:33-43.

A. Invoking the Holy Spirit.

We invoke the Holy Spirit using the words of St. Augustine.

          Come, Holy Spirit, by whom every devout soul, who believes in Christ, is sanctified to become a citizen of the City of God! (en. Ps. 45:8) Come, Holy Spirit, grant that we receive the motions of God, put in us your flame, enlighten us and raise us up to God. (s. 128,4) Amen.

B. Lectio.

With heart well disposed, with serenity, read slowly the following words, savoring them and allowing yourself to be touched by them.

          33 “Hear another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower. Then he leased it to tenants and went on a journey. 34 When the vintage time drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants to obtain his produce. 35 But the tenants seized the servants and one they beat, another they killed, and a third they stoned. 36 Again he sent other servants, more numerous than the first ones, but they treated them in the same way. 37 Finally he sent his son to them, thinking, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and acquire his inheritance.’ 39 They seized him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40 What will the owner of the vineyard do to those tenants when he comes?” 41They answered him, “He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other tenants who will give him the produce at the proper times.” 42 And Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the corner stone; by the Lord has this been done, and it is wonderful in our eyes’? 43 Therefore, I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that will produce its fruits.”

C. Meditatio.

Let us now meditate with the commentary of St. Augustine on these words of the Gospel according to St. Matthew.

          “Furthermore, as Our Lord Jesus Christ himself says, he planted a vineyard and rented it out to some farmers who had to give him the produce at the proper time. Also he sent them his servants to demand the benefits produced by the vineyard. Those, however, filled them with insults; others they killed and refused to give them the product. Still he sent others, who suffered similar treatment. And the father of the family, the landowner who planted and rented out his vineyard, tells himself: I will send my only son; perhaps they will respect him. He says, and he sent also his son. The tenants said among themselves: This is the heir; come let us kill him and his inheritance will be ours. And they killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. When the landowner arrives what would he do to those tenants? They answered him: He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other farmers who will give him the produce at the proper time.” The vineyard was planted when the Law was deposited into the hearts of the Jews. The prophets were sent to demand the fruit, that is, righteousness of life. These prophets received insults and were even killed. Christ was also sent, the only Son of the Father of the family, and they killed the heir, and for this they lost the inheritance. The bad decision produced the contrary effect. To possess the inheritance, they killed him, and for having killed him, they lost the inheritance” (s. 87, 3).

          With this parable in mind, when referring to the Passion of Christ, St. Augustine indicates: “My enemies said bad things about me: let us see when he dies and his name perishes. It refers to the person of our Lord Jesus Christ, but let us see if in it we do not include also the members. This was said referring to the time when our Lord was living physically in this world. The multitude was following him, captivated by his authority, by his divinity and majesty radiated by his miracles. When the Jews saw this, the Lord had already alluded to them in a parable, putting these words in their lips: This is the heir; come let us kill him and his inheritance will be ours; they said among themselves what the voice of the High Priest Caiaphas expressed: You see how the great multitude follows him, and the whole world goes after him; if we allow him to live, the Romans will come and take us out, the land and the nation. The evangelist explained to us the meaning of the words, that he who said it did not understand what he said: He said this not by himself, but being the High Priest, he prophesied that it was convenient that Jesus die for the people and for the nation. Nevertheless, they, on seeing that the people followed him, said: When he dies, his name will also perish; that is, when we kill him, his name will not remain on earth, he can no longer seduce anyone after his death; by his death people will realize that they were following a man, and that in him there was no hope of salvation; they will abandon his name and it will disappear. He died, yes, but his name did not perish, rather it was like a seed that was planted. He died, but it happened that the seed, once it dies, produces the harvest” (en. Ps. 40, 1).

D. Oratio.

With the text, let us now pray from the depths of our heart. I suggest the following phrases and questions that can awaken in you dialogue with God, and at the same time can give rise to affections and sentiments in your dialogue with God. Do not move to the next phrase or question if you can still continue dialoguing with God in one of them. It is not a matter of exhausting the list, but of helping you to pray with some points that better fit your personal experience.

a. “There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower. Then he leased it to tenants” (Mt. 21:33).

  • Applying these words to your own life, what is the vineyard of the Lord?
  • If the vineyard is your life and all that you have and are, what does it mean that the vineyard is not yours, but that you are only its lease-holder?

b. “When vintage time came, he sent his servants to the tenants, to obtain his produce” (Mt.21:34).

  • What fruits do you produce for God?
  • What do you do to the “servants,” the messengers that God sends you to remind you that you have to give him the produce?

c. Pray with the phrase: “Thank you, Lord, for all your gifts,” or “Lord, everything is yours, help me to give the fruits.”

E. Contemplatio.

I propose to you some points for affective interior contemplation. Once again you need not follow all of it, rather you can choose what fits your personal experience.

a. Contemplate how Christ is the Son of the owner of the vineyard in the parable, and how in his Passion he suffered for your salvation. Contemplate how he is scourged, crowned with thorns, how he suffers beatings and insults, how he is condemned to death, how he carries the cross to Calvary; how he is crucified and how he dies. Contemplate Christ on the cross and be thankful for his work of love. Contemplate how the cross is the sign of hope and of life. Contemplate and be grateful.

b. Contemplate your life and everything that it implies as a vineyard. Contemplate the fruits that you have so far given in your life, and contemplate what you have now given to the Lord. Contemplate, be thankful, and above all that everything belongs to God and that you are only a lease-holder of the gifts of God. Contemplate with humility and be thankful.

F. Communicatio.

Think of everything that you can share with those around you about the experience you had with God, especially about giving God the fruits because our life belongs to him. The following points can help you to share with your community the experience of the lectio divina on this text.

  • What have I discovered about God and about myself in this moment of prayer?
  • How can I apply this text of Scripture at this moment of my life? What light does it give me? What challenges does it put before me?
  • What concrete commitment does this text of Scripture ask of me in my spiritual life, in my community life?
  • What has been my dominant sentiment during this moment of prayer?

Final Prayer of St. Augustine.

Turning towards the Lord: Lord God, Father Almighty, with pure heart, as far as our littleness permits, allow us to give you our most devoted and sincere thanks, begging with all our strength from your particular goodness, that you deign to hear our petitions according to your goodwill, that by your power you may drive away the enemy from all our thoughts and actions; that you increase our faith, govern our mind and give us spiritual thoughts and bring us to your happiness, through your Son Jesus Christ, our Lord, who with you lives and reigns in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, forever and ever. Amen (en. Ps. 150:8).

          “It is better to give thanks to God for a small gift than to own the thanks for a great gift” (ep. 27, 4).

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Fray Dunstan Huberto Decena, OAR

Fray Hubert Dunstan Decena, OAR

Priest/Religious/Bible Professor of the Order of Augustinian Recollects in the Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno.